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 Unilateral Annexation

Unilateral annexations in progress | What is unilateral annextaion?

Unilateral annexations in progress
There are currently no unilateral annexations in progres. 

What is unilateral annexation?
An annexation that is initiated by the City instead of the property owner is referred to as a unilateral annexation, or sometimes as an "involuntary annexation."  In most cases the property owner does not object to annexation, although the City may also, with due process, annex property without the owner’s consent.

Most unilateral annexations are undertaken to ensure an efficient and orderly (as opposed to “leapfrog”) extension of services and utilities such as roads, water and sewer facilities.  Another reason that the City may initiate a unilateral annexation is to extend its regulatory authority over development.  Texas counties do not have zoning authority (with very few exceptions), and therefore are not able to regulate land use, even in areas adjacent to developed residential neighborhoods.  In the past, this has resulted in incompatible uses such as livestock feed lots moving in next to existing residential areas that are within the city limits.  If the property is annexed, the City has the authority to enforce zoning and development standards appropriate to the surrounding community.

Once annexed, properties are subject to City property taxation, but are freed from the Emergency Services District tax.  Properties also have access to City services such a water, wastewater, police and fire protection and residential trash collection.  Residents are not required to pay a non-resident fee to use the library and recreation facilities, and may vote for City offices. 

The Planning Department has prepared an informational unilateral annexation brochure, which gives an overview and answers frequently asked questions about the process.  If you have further questions, please do not hesitate to contact Ashley Lumpkin in the Planning and Development Services Department at (512) 218-5428.

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City of Round Rock | 221 East Main Street, Round Rock, Texas 78664 | Phone: (512) 218-5400
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